Rowley Appraisal Service has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Define the term "Appraisal"
Define the term "Appraisal"(Top) The appraisal process is an estimation that generates an opinion of value. The appraiser will use a few "approaches," typically three, to come to the estimation of market value. The Cost Approach is one of the methods that appraisers use to find value; it involves discerning what the improvements would cost without physical deterioration, adding the land value. The Sales Comparison Approach involves searching for comparable homes in the vicinity and discovering the value based on making a comparison of those properties to the house being investigated. Being the most commonly used approach, the Sales Comparison Approach is generally the most precise and best indicator of market value for a house. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is of most importance in appraising income producing properties - it deals with estimating what an investor would pay based on the income generated by the property.
Describe what an appraiser does(Top) An appraiser generates an objective and well substantiated opinion of market value, in the support of real property transactions. Appraisers reveal the details of their professional findings in appraisal reports.
Why would a person require a real estate appraisal?(Top) There are a lot of reasons to order an appraisal from Rowley Appraisal Service with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Other reasons for ordering an appraisal include:
Is an appraisal the same as a home inspection? (Top)Home inspectors do not provide an opinion of value and do not do appraisal reports. A third-party home inspector will inspect the structure of the home, from the top to the foundation. For the most part, a home inspection report will evaluate the amenities and the necessities of the property: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical services, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural capacity of the home such as the attic, exposed insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and other visible structures.
My agent performed a CMA for me. Is that the same as an appraisal?(Top) Simply put, it's like comparing broadband and dial-up. The CMA relies on indistinct market trends. An appraisal relies on comparable sales that can be validated by public record. Also, the appraisal looks at other factors like condition, area and replacement prices. All a CMA does is generate a "ball park figure." Being a documented and carefully investigated opinion of value, appraisals are defensible and stand up in legal situations.
But the most significant factor is who's doing the report. Real estate agents produce CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or bear specific competence when it comes to home valuation. A certified, Idaho licensed professional who bases a career on valuing properties in and around Bannock County creates the appraisal. Moreover, the appraiser is an unbiased party, with no vested interest in the value of a home, unlike the agent, who gets a commission based upon the price of the home.
What's in an appraisal report? (Top)Each report should demonstrate a supported estimate of value and should document the following:
After completing the appraisal, how can I have certainty that the value indicated is legitimate?(Top) In communicating an appraisal report, each appraiser must make sure of the following:
Who hires an appraiser?(Top) Most of the time, appraisers are called upon by lenders to estimate the value of a home involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the real estate is indeed adequate collateral for the loan. Appraisers also provide opinions in litigation cases, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does Rowley Appraisal Service get the data used to estimate values in Bannock County or other areas?(Top) One of the main tasks an appraiser must accomplish is to gather property data. Data can be split into Specific or General. Specific data is gathered from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specifics are documented by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is gathered from a many sources. Local Multiple Listing Services (MLS) provide data on recently sold homes that could be used as comparables. To double-check actual sales prices, we look at items in the assessor's office and other public documents. Appraisers routinely need to report when a property lies in a flood zone, and that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And most importantly, the appraiser assimilates general data from his or her past experience in creating appraisals for other properties in the same market.
How can a licensed appraiser help me?(Top) If you're making some sort of financial decision and the value of your home is relevant, you'll want a full appraisal. If you're selling your house, an appraisal will help you determine a price that maximizes profit and reduces time on the market. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a house is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Without knowing its real value, wise financial decisions are impossible.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Top) PMI is an acronym for Private Mortgage Insurance. PMI takes care of the lender in the event a borrower defaults on the loan and the value of the home is less than what is owed on the loan. Once you reach the point where your home's equity plus the amount you've paid is at least 20% of your loan balance, you can have your PMI dropped.
Should I do anything in advance of the appraisal inspection(Top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. During this process, the appraiser will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. On the home's interior, make sure it is clutter free and that we can access things like furnaces and water heaters. In the yard, trim any landscaping so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of exterior walls.
You can make things go faster and improve the quality of the appraisal report by having the following things on hand:
How does an appraiser define "Market Value"?(Top) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Does the appraisal belong to the bank or the consumer?(Top) For mortgage transactions, the lender requests the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the report - it's usually included with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
The exception to this rule is when a home owner engages an appraiser directly. In these situations, the appraiser may define the purpose of the appraisal; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can do whatever they want with the appraisal.
Are some home improvements more worthwhile than others?(Top) The answer to this is different depending upon the location of the home. For example, adding a central air conditioner in to a home in the South may add significant value, while putting one in a home near the Pacific Northwest might not have much impact.
No matter where you go, however, renovating a kitchen is almost always a safe move. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms weren't far behind, yielding 85%. On the contrary, something that may not increase your value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.